為什麼你老是沒有收到面試通知(上)

這篇來自於LifeHack所提供的文章 : Why You Didn’t Get the Interview

現在是正值畢業生尋找工作的大時期,也是上班族在一個覺的自己不適合的工作點而開始「蠢蠢」欲動的時間。為何我會把蠢蠢特別框起來呢?因為就是在蠢的時候,就會因外在的因素特別想動來動去。

每個人在找工作一定會有寄過上百封履歷而沒有收到回音的經驗,敝人在下也曾經有這樣的過往。那你知道那是什麼原因嗎?

這篇外文就提到一些重點,各位可以參考看看:

  1. a mistake made during the résumé submission itself
    履歷被寄送到不對的地方
  2. problems with the résumé
    在履歷有些錯誤的狀態,如錯字等等
  3. your experience
    你的工作經驗跟專業技能

以上那些重點,都很精確的提到大家會犯到的錯誤,詳情如下:

Your Résumé Submission

Résumés to jobs@blackholeofdeath (寄到沒有人會收的到電子郵件)

The problem here isn’t that your résumé or application was flawed, it’s just that nobody has read it. Sending to hr@ or jobs@ addresses is never ideal, and your résumé may be funneled to a scoring system that scans it for certain buzzwords and rates it based on the absence, presence and frequency of these words. HRbot apocalypse…

上頭所講的意思就是說,現在應徵工作的上班族大都是用人力銀行來寄送履歷。所以一般人在找工作的順序是這樣的:

工作地點 -> 產業類別 -> 職務類別 -> 薪資 -> 公司 -> 寄送

人力銀行網站就會把你的覆歷發送到對方公司的收件夾裡頭,然後就開始等消息,是不是有被看到,然後等面試通知。因此,一個條件很好的工作,大家就會擠破頭,面試官看到這樣開一個郵件夾裡頭有一百件等著看,在這講求效率的時代裡,通常這些長官們就只會快速的去瀏覽,大家的條件都差不多,因此,你會很容易的被忽略掉。

也有些專職面試的經理,因公司內部的狀況會沒有把職缺關掉,像是他想要fi掉某人,但還沒有決定,會先開職缺等最好的時機找人面試。

原文教你這樣做:

Do some research to see if you know anyone who works/worked at the company, even a friend of a friend, to submit the résumé. Protip: Chances are the internal employee may even get a referral bonus. LinkedIn is a valuable tool for this. Working with an agency recruiter will also help here, as recruiters are typically sending your information directly to internal HR or hiring managers .

先去搜尋你想要去任職的公司,並且去人肉一下你未來會面試到的面試官,去了解這位面試官,並了解這個公司,將你的履歷精準的送達。正所謂知己知彼百戰百勝。

人肉的方式有很多種,現在社群網發達的世界,每個人幾乎都會在網路上活動,即使不去玩,你也會被tag ,或是照片被上傳。LinkedIn 是國外的工作專業社群網站,這有點像是台灣的e04奴隸銀行,但它似乎沒有社群的功能。

另外,也有人透過朋友的資源或是關係得到面試機會,這也是一種不錯的做法,通常上班這檔事,人與人的問題最不好處理,公司為了要簡化人與人溝通產生的「時間成本」,大都透過內部人員間的關係,將機會讓給你認識的朋友,因為你的朋友做人如何你比較知道,未來工作上的合作也比較容易。

Follow instructions (尊從公司的指示來寫履歷)

If the job posting asks that you send a cover letter, résumé, and salary requirements, this request serves two purposes. First and most obviously, they actually want to see how well you write (cover letter), your experience (résumé), and the price tag (salary requirements). Second, they want to see if you are able and willing to follow instructions. Perhaps that is why the ad requested the documents in a specific format? Some companies are now consciously making the application process even a bit more complicated, which serves as both a test of your attention to detail and to gauge whether applicants are interested enough to take an extra step. Making it more difficult for candidates to apply should yield a qualified and engaged candidate pool, which is the desired result.

如果面試的工作公司需要你用他們的規格來寫你的履歷,通常有兩個原因,一個是面試官想要求效率,能精確的看對履歷,另外一點就是試驗你的個性是否有服從的可能。通常,大公司會比較講求這個。上面落落長的英文,最主要是講這兩個原因啦!

寫好一封履歷表,要靠有條理的架構,也許你可以直接去文具店買一封履歷表來寫好你的履歷,雖然這是個不錯的方法,但為了要讓履歷快速的讓面試官知道你有什麼內函,你最好是自己做一份特別的履歷。並且在第一頁上,將最重要的資訊列出來,如:照片、個人聯絡資訊、專業技能、經歷。

後面那些自傳作品什麼的就放第二頁,面試官對你有興趣他們自然就會翻到第二面來閱讀。

原文教你這樣做:

Carefully read what the manager/recruiter is seeking and be sure to follow the directions exactly. Have a friend review your application before hitting send.

要注意的是,在你寫好履歷之前,先注意那些面試官跟經理的做事方式,以及所需要的人才,並尊照他們的指示完成這些流程。

Spelling and grammar (減少拼字跟文法的錯誤)

Spelling errors are inexcusable on a résumé today. Grammar is given much more leeway, but frequent grammatical errors are a killer.

如果你是寫英文的履歷的話,拼字跟文法就很重要,差一個字跟動詞擺錯地方都會讓歪果仁誤會,因此要一再而再的去確認是否有問題,盡量做到百分之百。

如果是中文履歷,也要做好無錯字的標準,因為面試官在面試人的時候是很龜毛的,所以不要讓人家去抓你的包。

原文教你這樣做:

Have a friend or colleague read it for you, as it is much more difficult to edit your own material (trust me).

把履歷給你有讀過書的朋友檢查,試一下他們有沒有看懂。

Price tag (你所期望的薪資)

As you would expect, if you provide a salary requirement that is well above the listed (or unlisted) range, you will not get a response. Conversely and counterintuitively, if you provide a salary requirement that is well below the range, you will also not get a response. Huh? Suppose you want to hire someone to put in a new kitchen, and you get three estimates. The first is 25K, the second is 20K, and the third is 2K. Which one are you going to choose? It’s hard to tell, but I’m pretty sure you aren’t going to use the one that quoted you 2K. Companies want to hire candidates that are aware of market value and priced accordingly, and anyone asking for amounts well above market will not get any attention.

如果你是專業的人,那麼你可以很有理由的去要求標準以上的薪資,要不然你也別想。但是也不能太低就你的薪資,這樣也不會有人理你。上文說明,如果你要為新開的餐廳顧用一個廚房人員,如果你預估三個薪資準則各別是25K、20K、2K ,哪種薪資你會想要去雇用?依照目前的經濟市場跟國家的平均所得,你應該不會去選擇願意用2K的人去擔任正職的廚房人員。如果是新手,那你也不會去雇用,公司並不會找個新手去執行它的生存命脈的。

原文教你這樣做:

Research the going rate for the job and be sure to manage your expectations based on market conditions. Another strategy is trying to delay providing salary information until mutual interest is established. If the company falls in love, the compensation expectation might hurt less. There is some risk of wasting time in interviews if you do not provide information early in the process, and most companies today will require the information before agreeing to an interview.

你可以先去研究一下這些工作的薪資標準,多問問你朋友目前的狀況,通常你也能很快的得到這些資訊,然後依你的「自信心」去衡量所希望的薪資。

通常越有經驗的人,他的薪資是會一直向上修的。畢業生、剛出社會人士或是想轉換跑道的上班族,也要好好的想清楚薪資是否跟公司、市場標準、跟自己的經驗有得到平衡。如果真的不知道該如何計算,在台灣台北,就用五仟上下來跟公司面議,也就是說你要去應徵電腦工程師,通常新人的薪資大概就從30K起跳。那你就用35K去說說看。

如果你很有信心的用35K成功錄取這個職務,那你就要靠這個信心通過三個月的試用期,才不會因露出馬腳而失敗。

Canned application (使用太多略同的內容)

By ‘canned’ I am referring to job seekers that are obviously cutting and pasting content from previous cover letters instead of taking the time to try and personalize the content.

原文所說的「Canned 」是說現今的履歷內容都太過於相像,就像是罐頭一樣一整排的在商品架上,被所選的只是因為它的保存日期比較久。

e04奴隸銀行也有這些所謂的「Template(樣版)」功能提供你現成的履歷來撰寫,但跟你說,在e04上有很多應徵者,起碼幾百萬人,全部都是用內建的履歷表,這樣做對於一個大型系統而言,是能夠幫勞資雙方快速過濾所需的職缺,但通常對於一個面試官來說他可是很頭疼的。因為大家都寫一樣,只差名字不一樣 XD

原文教你這樣做:

Go to the hiring firm’s website and find something specific and unique that makes you want to work for that company. Include that information in your submission. If you are using a template and just filling in the blanks (“I read your job posting on _____ and I am really excited to learn that your company _____ is hiring a ______”), delete the template now. If you aren’t willing to invest even a few minutes into the application process, why should the company invest any time learning about you?

看的懂上面的文章嗎?它這裡提到「I read your job posting on _____ and I am really excited to learn that your company _____ is hiring a ______ 」。意思是說,我閱讀了你在 ____ 張貼這個職缺,我很有興趣也願意學習在貴公司應徵 _____ 的工作。雖然這個標題看來不錯,但卻充斥在面試官的收件夾裡,他可能看都不想看唷!

另外,這樣的標題也會讓面試官產生反感,如果你不先花點時間對這個職務先有個了解跟預習,那公司要憑什麼來讓你學習,或是說你都不先了解公司,那公司憑什麼要先了解你?

Too eager (不要太過於急燥)

If I receive a résumé submission for a job posting and then get a second email from that candidate within 24 hours asking about the submission, I can be fairly sure that this is an omen. If I get a call on my mobile immediately after receiving the application ‘just to make sure it came through‘, you might as well just have the Psycho music playing in the background. Even if this candidate is qualified, there will probably be lots of hand-holding and coaching required to get this person hired. Reasonably qualified candidates with realistic expectations and an understanding of business acumen don’t make this mistake.

原文是在說,假如你是一個經理或是面試官,收到了一封履歷,又接到一通應徵者電話而只問「請問我錄用了嗎?、「請問我履歷收到了嗎?」通常,這樣的急燥方式會讓人家反感。因為你很著急的在找工作,面試官早就猜到你一定現在沒有工作,而且一定是某種原因被前任的公司「隔天解雇」,雖然條件都符合,但是有句俗話說「呷緊弄破碗」,請當心你那懸在線上的心情。

你不必太著急,如果真的很急需錢,那先建議你先在家靠父母,或是外出靠朋友。

原文教你這樣做:

Have patience while waiting for a response to your résumé, and be sure to give someone at least a couple/few days to respond. If you are clearly qualified for a position, you will get a reply when your résumé hits the right desk. Pestering or questioning the ability of those that are processing your application is a guarantee that you will not be called in.

等待結果請保持著耐心,讓對方留點時間閱讀你的履歷,就跟戀愛一樣,要了解雙方也是需要時間的,才知道是否值得跟你交往。條件對了,自然就會錄用你的。

接續下篇:為什麼你老是沒有收到面試通知(下)

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